The term “Disaster Management” encompasses the complete realm of disaster-related activities. Traditionally people tend to think of disaster management only in terms of the post-disaster actions taken by relief and reconstruction officials; yet disaster management covers a much broader scope, and many modern disaster managers may find themselves far more involved in pre-disaster activities than in post-disaster response.
This is because many persons who work in the development field, or who plan routine economic, urban, regional or agricultural development projects, have disaster management responsibilities. For example, housing specialists planning a low-income housing project in a disaster-prone area have the opportunity (and an obligation) to mitigate the impact of a future disaster if the houses incorporate disaster resistant construction technologies.
In the same manner, agricultural development projects must be planned in such a way that they help stem environmental degradation and thus lower the farmer’s vulnerability to losses from droughts, floods, cyclones, or other natural hazards. In fact, in dealing with natural hazards, the vast majority of disaster management activities are related to development projects; only a small portion are related to emergency response.
Of course, disaster management also encompasses the field of emergency assistance and long-term maintenance for refugees and displaced persons.
- The refugee field of disaster management is highly specialized and requires not only many development skills but also a broader awareness of political, legal, and humanitarian issues.
- DM scope and objectives, elements, Natural/man-made Disasters,
- Victims, Relief Systems,
- Phases of Disaster Response/Relief Operations, Government’s Role,
- Refugee Assistance Models,
- Prevention and Mitigation Tools, Preparedness Tools,
- Tools of Post-Disaster Management, Mapping,
- Aerial Photography and Remote Sensing,
- Information Management,
- Logistics, Epidemiology.